Longhaired Persian Cats
These cats have been in Europe
since the 16th century, but they have existed in other parts of the world
for much longer.
Originally these cats were found
in the Turkey region of the Ankara and became known as Angoras (not to be
confused with the short hair Angora breed). There were other longhaired cats
discovered in Persia (Iran) and as they had longer coats, they became more
These early Persian cats looked
different from those on show today. They had much longer faces and their
coats were thinner. The earliest longhaired cat was a brown tabby cat in the
mid 19th century. By the turn of the century there were more than 12 colours
including the Chinchilla. Today there are more than sixty varieties and
colours of the Persian cat.
Type and Standard of Points
Persian cats all have the same
general standard of points. It's only the colour and patterns that are
Persian cats have long coats,
brush like tails and a ruff around the neck; they are very beautiful cats
but they need a lot of care to stay in top condition. Owners of a Persian
cat need to give at least 15 mins a day to grooming their cat.
The standards need a small,
elegant but stocky cat showing large eyes, a small nose and wide set ears.
They eye colours will vary, but should compliment the colour of the coat.
Even with colour variation their should still be the appearance of a Persian
Coat Colours - Black
One of the oldest and most
popular of Persian cat varieties is the Black Persian. The adult fur should
be jet black with copper eyes. Kittens often have a few lighter marks, but
in an adult these are classed as faults. Any black cat will take time to
develop their coat fully, and minor variations are fine up to the age of six
Coat Colours - Blue
Blue is one of the early Persian
cat colours and is often believed to be the original colour. The coat should
be pale blue-grey with no markings, and the eyes are copper or orange. The
Persian Blue was Queen Victoria's favourite breed of cat.
Coat Colours - Chocolate
The chocolate colour is a new
one, which has come about from Colourpoint breeding, so is the lilac
variation. The coat is a solid medium chocolate-brown with copper eyes.
Coat Colours - Cream
The Cream Persian cat varieties
have been around since the end of the 19th Century when they were not
popular and were thought to be bad examples of Red. Today they are loved for
their beautiful colour. The colour should be pale with copper eyes.
Coat Colours - Lilac
This colour came about from the
Coloupoint breeding programme. The coat should be a solid pinkish-grey. They
eyes should be copper.
Coat Colours - Red
The Red colour is also thought
to be one of the older colours, but is very difficult to breed, the problem
is producing a cat without the tabby markings. The coat should be a solid
orange colour, the eyes copper.
Coat Colours - White
White was the original Angora
colour, but has really only been preferred since the beginning of the 20th
Century, but they no longer look like their Turkish ancestors. They are
typical of the breed standard, but can be found with 3 different colours of
eyes, orange, blue and odd. Remember with white Persian cats, they'll need
extra bathing to keep the coat clean if aloud outside.
Coat Colours - Bi-Colour
These are two-tone cats which
can be any colour mixed with white, the eyes should be copper. Bi-colours
will need to be bathed occasionally to keep their coat clean.
Coat Colours - Blue-Cream
This is a form of Tortie and are
normally female. Generally any males of this variety will be sterile. The
Blue-Cream came from mating a Blue with a Cream. The UK standards require
that the two colours are mingled without any patches of solid colour. In the
USA they require clearly separated areas of colour. The eyes should be
Coat Colours - Cameo
These are Persian cats with a
tipped coat, related to the Chinchilla and Smoke. There are three densities
of Cameo, shell, shaded and smoke. Shell cameos have a small amount of
colour at the end of each hair; shadeds have colour further down the end of
each hair, and smokes have a white under coat, which can be seen when the
fur is separated. The acceptable colours are red, cream and tortie.
Coat Colours - Chinchilla
In the USA the Chinchilla meets
the standards laid down for the Persian cat breed; in the UK the cat is
allowed to be more finely boned, with a tendency to a longer muzzle than
seen in most Persians. The Chinchilla is one of the most popular breeds. It
has a white coat with the edges lightly tipped with black, which gives the
cat a sparkly appearance. The coat should be evenly tipped with black on the
head, back, legs, tail and flanks. The nose should be red outlined in black.
The eyes should be green, and the eyelid outline should be black.
Coat Colours - Colourpoint
This is a genetically engineered
breed, achieved by crossing a Blue Persian with a Siamese. Whatever colour
the points, the type should be for a Persian, with the colour only on the
face, ears, tail and legs. They eye colour is deep blue. Colourpoints are
available in many colours: seal, blue, chocolate, lilac, red, cream, tortie,
tabby and tortie-tabby. These colours and the colours of the nose and paw
pads, should be the same as the Siamese.
Coat Colours - Golden
The Chinchilla has a recessive
gene, the red colour. This gives a Golden Persian Cats. The coat has the
same amount of tipping as the Chinchilla, but the base colour must be a rich
cream tipped with brown, with a lighter hue underneath. Just as a Shaded
Silver can be produced from the Chinchilla, so can a Shaded Golden; this
allows deeper tipping. They have vivid green eyes.
Coat Colours - Pewter
The Pewter is a result of
breeding a Chinchilla with a self-coloured Persian. Like the Chinchilla it
has a tipped coat, but the tipping is much heavier. It has deep copper eyes.
Coat Colours - Shaded Silver
This is a heavily tipped type of
Chinchilla, although a lot do not recognized the breed. It has similar
markings to the Chinchilla, with a red nose and eyes outlined in black.
Coat Colours - Smoke
This variety of the Persian cat
has been around since the 19th Century. It was bred by crossing a Chinchilla
with a Black Persian. The tipping is only on the base of the coat, and takes
up most of the length of hair. Their are 10 colours of smokes. The eyes are
copper or orange.
Coat Colours - Tabby
Brown tabbies are an old variety
of Persian, but are now available in 10 colours: brown, silver, blue,
chocolate, lilac, red and four colours of tortie-tabby. It is often
difficult to see the tabby markings due to the long coat. Most have copper
eyes, but in silver they have green or hazel.
Coat Colours -
Tabby-and-Whites are accepted in
the same colours as Tabbies. They should display even, solid areas of white
on their coats and the eye colour should be the same as for Tabbies.
Coat Colours - Tortoiseshell
Torties are generally only
females. The colour is a patched selection of red, cream and black. It is
possible to have Torties in colours of blue, chocolate and lilac. The eyes
should be copper or orange.
Coat Colours - Tortie-and-White
The colours are the same as for
the Tortoisehell, as is the eye colour. The only colour difference is
there are patches of white.
Exotic Shorthaired Persian Cats
The Exotic is a shorthaired
version of the Persian, which is why it is in the Longhair category. It
meets all the requirements for the Persian breed, the same temperament, and
is available in all the same colours. The only difference is that is has