Oriental Shorthaired Cats
The original colour was lilac,
however other colours soon became possible, and today the Oriental cats are
recognized in ten colours and the seven colours of Tortie.
As the popularity of the
Oriental cats increased, and breeders became aware of the genetic
possibilities of different coat patterns, a new programme was started. This
gave rise, by mating black to Tabby-point Siamese, to Spotted, Classic and
Mackerel Tabbies, in a variety of different colour variations. The Ticked
Tabby arrived by crossing a Seal-point Siamese with an Abyssinian. It is
also possible to breed Oriental cats with a smoke coat, and these are
available in many colours. Genetically, this section could produce an almost
unlimited variety of colours and patterns.
Character and Temperament
Oriental cats are the same as
Siamese cats without the Himalayan pattern in their coats. They have the
same type and conformation as the Siamese, and their temperament is the same
too: outgoing personalities that demand a lot of attention.
Orientals have very loud voices
and will often investigate the conversation - they are not like well brought
up children who speak when they are spoken to. They want to be involved in
all activities. Like dogs, they love to play retrieving games and get hours
of please from a piece of screwed up paper. They do not like to be left on
their own, and would benefit from living with another cat, if you work all
Type and Standard of Points
Whatever the coat colour or
pattern, the standard needs the shape and type of the cat to be the same as
the Siamese. This means the Oriental cat is a medium sized cat that should
feel firm and muscular. It is slender and elegant, but despite its shape and
size should feel heavy. Orientals should never be overly skinny or feel too
The eye colour should compliment
the coat, and the shape should show the typical Oriental slant. The ears
should be wide apart and from the front should look like a triangle from the
top of the ears to the nose. In profile the nose should be straight.
Coat Colours - Havana
This is a warm brown with brown
on the nose and pinky-brown paw pads. The eyes should be green.
Coat Colours - White
A clear, white is required, with
pale-pink nose and paw pads and bright sapphire blue eyes.
Coat Colours - Black
A jet black is required, with
paw pads and nose leather the same and bright green eyes.
Coat Colours - Blue
This should be a light to medium
blue, with nose leather and paw pads the same, and green eyes.
Coat Colours - Lilac
A pinkish grey, with nose
leather and paw pads lavender and the eyes green. New colours include red,
cream, cinnamon, caramel and fawn.
Coat Patterns - Tortie
The sex-linked red gene will
give rise to the Tortie, which is normally only female. The Tortie is a mix
of red, cream and brown, with black or pink paw pads and nose, with green
eyes. Torties can now be seen in other colours including chocolate,
cinnamon, caramel and fawn; it is important for the colours to be well mixed
and the eye colour the same as for the dominant colour for the coat.
Coat Patterns - Tabby
Tabbies are available in four
patterns: classic, spotted, mackerel and ticked. Tabbies are available in
more than thirty different colours. The coat and eye colour should be the
same as for the main colour.
Coat Patterns - Smokes,
Shaded and Tipped
With these varieties the coat is
not visible patterned; each single hair has a different amount of colouring
giving a uniform effect. In the Tipped there is only a small amount of
colour visible at the tip of each hair; in the Smoke it is the reverse, with
the coat colour extending almost to the skin. The Shaded is in-between these
two. It is possible to breed this cat in all colours.
Angora cats are to the Oriental
what the Banlinese is to the Siamese; a longhaired version of what is seen
as a shorthaired breed. The fur is neither as long or as dense as the
Persian and is easier to groom. In all other respects, including character
and temperament, it is essentially Oriental. Angoras can be bred in all the
variations of colour and pattern acceptable for the Orientals.